The U6 should be load on your board.
From your configuration of gate drive is P MOS FET, the CCG3 is working correctly with your case when U6 is load. The Provider path is enabled by VBUS_P_CTRL0/1 =0, this is P MOS drive logic. But the small error on your end is the status of before Samsung plugged in, the VBUS_P_CTRL0/1 = 1.6V and VBUS = 2.48. Please kindly follow my comment to change the pull-down resistor to pull-up to make sure VBUS_P_CTRL is same value as power source side. So that the VBUS will comes to 0V at unattached status.