1 Reply Latest reply on Dec 13, 2018 6:32 PM by NaFi_2915566

    Receiving random number of bytes over Fast UART


      I am trying to receive random size messages over a high-speed (>1Mbps) UART.  I can create a thread and receive one byte at a time as discussed in (How to Receive unknown number of bytes) but I think it would be too much overhead to keep calling wiced_uart_receive_bytes() over and over one byte at a time.  One alternative seems to be to duplicate what uart_platform.c ::uart_receive_bytes_irq() does internally and read directly from the ring buffer, then I am losing all portability and may be fighting with other parts of the SDK for the semaphores and thread priorities.



      1. Does the SDK queue incoming bytes at a lower layer if no one is asking for them?
      2. (assume the answer to 1 is yes) if I ask for many many bytes with zero timeout, will I just get everything in the RX ring buffer?    e.g.
      #define RX_BUFFER_SIZE 30
      uint8_t receivebuffer[RX_BUFFER_SIZE];
      int expected_data_size;
      loop {
         expected_data_size = RX_BUFFER_SIZE;
         wiced_uart_receive_bytes( MY_UART, &receivebuffer, &expected_data_size, WICED_NO_WAIT);
         processMyData( &receivebuffer, expected_data_size );

      e.g. if there are 100 bytes already received, I'd get chunks of 30, 30, 30 10.


      If the answer to both is yes, this seems like it could keep up with a fast UART while doing other things.

        • 1. Re: Receiving random number of bytes over Fast UART

          the above almost works but never stops looping (NO_WAIT)

          But this modification seems to work:


            wiced_ring_buffer_t rx_buffer;
            uint8_t             rx_data[RX_BUFFER_SIZE];
            uint8_t             processingBuffer[RX_BUFFER_SIZE];
            ring_buffer_init(&rx_buffer, rx_data, RX_BUFFER_SIZE );
            wiced_uart_init(MY_UART, &uart_config, &rx_buffer);
            while ( 1 )
                expected_data_size = 1;
                // wait forever for the first byte
                if ( wiced_uart_receive_bytes( MY_UART, &processingBuffer[0], &expected_data_size, WICED_NEVER_TIMEOUT ) == WICED_SUCCESS )
                  // now see how many more bytes we can get
                  expected_data_size = RX_BUFFER_SIZE-1;
                  wiced_uart_receive_bytes( MY_UART, &processingBuffer[1], &expected_data_size, WICED_NO_WAIT );
                  expected_data_size++;  // add the one we got above
                  WPRINT_APP_INFO(("Got %d\n",expected_data_size));
                  // process what we have
                  for(int i=0; i<expected_data_size; i++)


          if I send more than RX_BUFFER_SIZE then we process in RX_BUFFER_SIZE.

          next mystery: accidentally I set the ring buffer size to RX_BUFFER_SIZE but the lower layer stores more than RX_BUFFER_SIZE anyway