0 Replies Latest reply on Apr 22, 2019 11:17 AM by user_342122993

    Simple FM audio transmitter using PSoC5

    user_342122993

      Hi,

      This is a demo of the simple FM transmitter using PSoC5 (KIT-059). The project is very simple and uses no software code. AC input from the audio source is amplified (0-4V) and applied to the varactor diode, which controls frequency of the ceramic resonator (4.19 MHz). PSoC5 PLL is set to operate at 75.4MHz, which is 18x harmonic of the XTAL. It appears that PSoC5 internal PLL lock time is quite short (<250us), so that PLL can track the audio frequency (up to ~5kHz), though it less efficient at high range. Antenna is made from a 2" piece of wire, which is connected directly to the BUS_CLOCK output. There is no tank circuit, so transmitter emits on many harmonics of the main (1x, 3x, 5x...). Fortunately, 75MHz and 226MHz regions are empty, and emitted power is rather low (<100nW) so there is no issues with FCC.

       

      Any other ceramic resonator will work, the 4.19MHz is what i had at hands. PLL will lock to any XTAL with frequency >=4MHz. The varactor is also not specific, look for any which adjusts in 10-100pf in 0-4V range (hyperabrupt type). Since PLL feedback decreases with modulation frequency, adding simple CR high-pass filter at audio input with Fcutoff~1-4kHz improves FM output.

       

      RTL-SDR receiver dongle was used to receive the signal, and SDR# for visualization. See official website for details:

      https://www.rtl-sdr.com/   

       

      Project archive is attached.

      Project uses the Annotation Library for connection diagram: Annotation library for CY8CKIT-059 Prototyping Kit

       

      YouTube video of transmitter action: PSoC5 FM audio transmitter (PSoC, PSoC5LP, PSoC 5) - YouTube

      VCO_FM_YouTube_1c.png

       

      /odissey1

       

      Figure 1. KIT-059 connection diagram using Annotation Library for CY8KIT-059.

      VCO_FM_1a.png

       

      VCO_FM_2b_KIT-059.png

      Figure 2. Breadboard assembly (standard bredboard is split in two pieces).

      KIT-059_1c (1280x954).png

      Figure 3. RF receiver: RTL-SDR with short wire as an antenna.

      RTL-SDR_1a (1280x956).jpg

      Figure 4. RTL-SDR GUI (SDR#) snapshot at 75.581MHz.

      FM_SDR_1a (1280x720).jpg