What you want to perform looks like using a Raspberry PI. All additional needed hardware -let it be a PSoC- can be connected to one of the PI's interfaces. Programming can be done under a stable OS with lots of tools. What you'll need is a Linux Guru.
Such project is way above skill set and motivation of normal 'medical' students. Such project is for EE students.
These a far from "normal" medical students and have programming and signal processing backgrounds but every little with imbedded systems or the building of hardware..