5 Replies Latest reply on Apr 27, 2012 12:06 PM by peter.taylor

    Using sprint without including floating point library code

    peter.taylor

       I have noticed that Keil includes the full (not the small, not the compact, but the large) library of floating point routines when you use printf/sprinf even if the float type parameter is never used.  Is there a relatively clean and simple way to prevent the fp routines from being loaded?

        • 1. Re: Using sprint without including floating point library code
          user_1377889

          I always thought that unused parts of a program are optimized-out when in Project -> Build settings -> Keil 8051 -> Linker the option "Remove unused Segments" is set to true.

             

           

             

          Bob

          • 2. Re: Using sprint without including floating point library code
            peter.taylor

            Unused code is typically optimized out.  I can look at my MAP file and see all the API functions that are deleted.  However, that doesn't seem to be the case with the library functions.  My understanding is that since I use the sprintf library routine, it calls the same routine no matter what the actual parameters I send are.  That sprintf routine has calls to FP routines which may or may not be used based on the parameters I send to it.  The compiler can't be sure that I'm not sending it FP parameters so it cannot optimize those out automatically.  I read on the Keil website that perhaps there are two versions of the sprintf routines and that one of them does not support FP parameters.  I have been unable, however, to find any description of how to select that smaller sprintf routine.  Perhaps it has something to do with what the "memory model" is set to, which for PSoC is defaulted to LARGE.  I'm not at all sure that has anything to do with it though.  I am quite certain that it is the sprintf usage that is including the FP routines as I can see in the MAP file how the "modules" are linked.  I wonder if my only option is to use the NODEFAULTLIB directive for the linker and then manually select the library files to include.  Anyone have some thoughts on the issue?

            • 3. Re: Using sprint without including floating point library code
              peter.taylor

               Here's a new twist.  I commented out all of my sprintf calls to see how much space the FP routines were actually using.  The code size dropped by about 1k, but I noticed in the MAP file that the FP modules were still being linked.  The only other place that uses any FP is the ADC which has two functions that use floats, but those functions are optimized out as they are not being used.  I verified by cross referencing the LST and MAP files that all occurences of a FP routine call in the LST file were in functions that were shown as being deleted in the MAP file.  Also, right near the top of the MAP file it states the following: "MEMORY MODEL: LARGE WITH FLOATING POINT ARITHMETIC".

                 

               

                 

              Here are another copy and paste from the MAP file:

                 

               PUBLIC SYMBOLS OF MODULE:  .\DP8051_Keil_903\Release\(project).omf (LCD)

                 

                    VALUE       CLASS    TYPE      PUBLIC SYMBOL NAME

                 

                    =================================================

                 

                   ...

                 

                    01000243H   CODE     ---       ?C?FCASTC

                 

                    0100023EH   CODE     ---       ?C?FCASTI

                 

                    01000239H   CODE     ---       ?C?FCASTL

                 

                    010001C2H   CODE     ---       ?C?FPCMP

                 

                    010001C0H   CODE     ---       ?C?FPCMP3

                 

                    01000123H   CODE     ---       ?C?FPDIV

                 

                    010002AEH   CODE     ---       ?C?FPGETOPN2

                 

                    0100001AH   CODE     ---       ?C?FPMUL

                 

                    010002E3H   CODE     ---       ?C?FPNANRESULT

                 

                    010002EDH   CODE     ---       ?C?FPOVERFLOW

                 

                    010002C5H   CODE     ---       ?C?FPRESULT

                 

                    010002D9H   CODE     ---       ?C?FPRESULT2

                 

                    010002EAH   CODE     ---       ?C?FPUNDERFLOW

                 

                     ...

              • 4. Re: Using sprint without including floating point library code
                user_1377889

                I just created a new empty project. There was no float in the map-file. When I inserted a float and assigned it a value, I got the same header as you in the .Map-file, the resulting file was just 12 bits larger in code.

                   

                 

                   

                Bob

                • 5. Re: Using sprint without including floating point library code
                  peter.taylor

                   I tried the NODEFAULTLIBRARY linker directive and then added the C51L.LIB, but it wouldn't link because of the FP usage in the ADC API.  I guess the linking happens prior to the optimization and deletion of unused segments.  It would be nice if that optimization was extended to the library routines as well as the APIs.  It looks like I'm stuck with the FP routines whether I use them or not.  Anyone else have any experience with this issue?