13 Replies Latest reply on Mar 16, 2017 1:27 PM by f.honore_1815491

    Cypress HCI specification

    timon.zijnge

      Where do I find the Cypress vendor specific HCI documentation?

        • 1. Re: Cypress HCI specification
          rahul.garg

          Tzijnge,

             

          Cypress provides UART for HCI  as per the BLE specifications. Please clarify what information are you exactly looking for.

             

          Regards,

             

          Rahul

          • 2. Re: Cypress HCI specification
            timon.zijnge

            I want to use the dongle of the CY8CKIT-042-BLE development kit to communicate with a BLE device. This dongle is visible as a com-port on Windows. I have understood that you need to send HCI commands on this com port to communicate with the dongle and I am looking for a specification of these HCI commands. I assume that Cypress has defined it's own HCI commands (Vendor Specific) and also uses them in applications such as CySmart

            • 3. Re: Cypress HCI specification
              rohit.kumar

               The command/response sent over the COM port to communicate with Dongle is not HCI commands (as per BLE SIG). This is Cypress specific command structure that allows to talk to Dongle through a software tool over COM port.

                 

              Currently, we don't have such a document detailing these commands. We are working on getting one such out.

              • 4. Re: Cypress HCI specification
                user_78878863

                The UART you are seeing the the USB-UART bridge on the CySmart dongle (part of the KitProg on the dongle). It used by the firmware on the dongle (see the BLE_Dongle_CySmart example project , which should be under C:\Program Files (x86)\Cypress\CY8CKIT-042-BLE Kit\1.0\Firmware\BLE Dongle). This FW uses the BLE component in GATT client mode, and the UART for talking with the PC host. So its not a HCI interface.

                • 5. Re: Cypress HCI specification
                  user_78878863

                  You can always look at the source code for that project and figure out the commands - but it seems to be binary based protocol from a first glance.

                  • 6. Re: Cypress HCI specification
                    timon.zijnge

                    Thanks for the replies. I assumed the UART interface carried HCI, but apparently it doesn't. I'll see how to continue on my problem.

                    • 7. Re: Cypress HCI specification
                      rahul.garg

                      You can configure the BLE component in your project in HCI mode . In HCI mode, the component exposes UART interface as HCI. Try this on kit instead on dongle, as you will need to interface UART pins externally.

                         

                      Over this UART, you can send any BLE HCI command. All BLE HCI commands as defined in BLE spec are supported by the component.

                      • 8. Re: Cypress HCI specification
                        user_480421170

                         Dear tzijnge

                           

                        For a project I have realized a serial communication (UART) with MATLAB to the Cypress BLE Dongle.

                           

                        To determine the commands which has to be sent I have used the:

                           

                         

                           

                        "Free Device Monitoring Studio"  Download => http://freeserialanalyzer.com/features

                           

                         

                           

                        You can use this tool to observe the communication between Cy-Smart and the BLE Dongle step by step.

                           

                        The file: protocol.h (of the Dongle Firmware) contains some of the commands

                           

                        Combining the results of this tool and the Cy-Smart log, you should be able to create your own application :-)

                           

                        The picture shows an example

                           

                         

                           

                        Greetings Dani

                        • 9. Re: Cypress HCI specification
                          timon.zijnge

                          Thanks Dani, I'll have a go at this.

                          • 10. Re: Cypress HCI specification
                            wbidus

                            According to previous posts, Psoc 4 BLE module should support HCI commands. I am using CY8CKIT-142 module and I am trying to attach it directly to linux (with bluez stack) via UART. I am using hciattach command on serial port, but when i do hciconfig up on module, it doesn't respond. Is it really possible to communicate with module like that? Maybe there is some pre-compiled hex (I am not sure I am programming module correctly...) that I can flash on module and use UART on some pins?

                               

                             

                               

                            My aim is to use cypress BLE module directly with standard linux stack, so it would be my central BLE device.

                               

                             

                               

                            best regards,

                               

                            Wojtek

                            • 11. Re: Cypress HCI specification
                              rohit.kumar

                               Please ensure that the PSoC 4 BLE is programmed with the HCI enabled firmware. You can find one project as part of the CY8CKIT-042-BLE Kit content (http://www.cypress.com/CY8CKIT-042-BLE). Install the kit content and program the HEX file from location <installed_path>\Cypress\CY8CKIT-042-BLE Kit\1.0\Firmware\PSoC 4 BLE\Hex Files -> PSoC_4_BLE_DTM.hex using PSoC Programmer.

                                 

                              Refer section 4.6  of the Kit User guide for UART connection. The UG is at <installed_path>\Cypress\CY8CKIT-042-BLE Kit\1.0\Documentation. Baud rate set is 115200 bps.

                                 

                              Also, if you are not using hardware flow control, then ensure that RTS line on the PSoC 4 BLE module is left open and CTS line is grounded.

                                 

                               

                                 

                              - Rohit

                              • 12. Re: Cypress HCI specification
                                f_pabst

                                Hi,

                                   

                                has there been any progress on the HCI documentation?

                                   

                                We are very interested in this as well since we need a host side which can interface with several BLE devices at the same time.

                                   

                                regards

                                   

                                Frederik

                                • 13. Re: Cypress HCI specification
                                  f.honore_1815491

                                  I was able to get the dongle (5677) to connect to a linux box (ubuntu 16.04) by programming the HCI_DTM project with a few changes:

                                     

                                  Set Device to: CYBL11173-56LQXI

                                     

                                  Set the pin assignments to P1.4 for \BLE:HAL_Uart:rx and P1.5 to \BLE:HAL_Uart:tx

                                     

                                  Change baud rate inside BLE module to 1000000 (1M) [Clock dividers can't get close enough to 921600 to work well]

                                     

                                  Once programmed, the device should attach as /dev/ttyACM0

                                     

                                  Then from linux command line:

                                     

                                  > hciattach ttyACM0 any 1000000 noflow

                                     

                                  hciconfig should show that it is up and running. Using bluez 5.44

                                     

                                  Then you can use hcitool or gatttool to test things out or bluepy to create a gatt client.

                                     

                                  The other reason to set 1M rate is to try to take advantage of DLE (tx size of 251). However, there is where I see a problem. I am not able to get the max rates that are seen by CySmart with the DLE example and the default dongle image. Is there some limit in the HCI interface that may throttle the transfer rates? When I create a custom client I can get faster rates but still not the theoretical 700k+.

                                     

                                  Any thoughts on how to go fast with HCI? Something in the bluez stack to change gap connection interval? 

                                     

                                   

                                     

                                  I seem to get the expected exchange on connection:

                                     

                                  CYBLE_EVT_GATTS_XCNHG_MTU_REQ, final mtu= 512
                                  CYBLE_EVT_GAP_DATA_LENGTH_CHANGE: maxTx: 251 , maxRx: 27
                                  CYBLE_EVT_GAPC_CONNECTION_UPDATE_COMPLETE: 0, 6(7.50 ms), 0, 64