Increase your heap size.
The program compiled when I set "Use newlib-nano float formatting" to true. Seems a bit strange...
Thanks Bob! I don't know how you figured this out, you were correct. Setting "Use newlib-nano float formatting" to true in the project's build settings resolved this compile error.
Now I'm able to make some real progress on this project.
Thanks to bobgoar as well. I did try increasing the heap size but it didn't resolve this particular issue for me.