When PLL clock used for a CAN peripheral, how do I verify whether the PLL clock jitter meets the CAN precision specification?
Use the following equation to evaluate the impact of PLL Jitter on CAN precision:
dfjitter = tjitter / (10×NBT),
where tjitter is the specified PLL clock jitter as the absolute interval ( CAN PLL Jitter provided in product datasheet) and NBT is the Nominal Bit Time (the inverse of a given CAN bit rate). The result of dfjitter is the drift equivalent and should be added to the oscillator drift value of the crystal or resonator:
dftotal = dfjitter + dfoscillator .
Here is an example to check whether the PLL clock of S6J3120 meets the CAN precision specification.
CAN bus bit rate = 500 kbps,
CAN PLL Jitter = ±10ns (tPJ from AC Characteristics of the S6J3120 series datasheet),
Oscillator drift of external crystal dfoscillator = ±0.01% (generally provided by the crystal supplier),
Allowed CAN node frequency tolerance df = ±0.3%.
The relative PLL Jitter interval ±10 ns results in an absolute intervaltjitter = 20ns. The 500 kbps bit rate results in NBT = (1/500 kbps) = 2 µs.
dfjitter= 20ns / 10×2us = ±0.1%,
dftotal = 0.1% + 0.01% = ±0.11% < df = ±0.3%,
Therefore, the CAN PLL Jitter spec of S6J3120 meets the CAN specification.